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【中英双语】考古学都有哪些最奇怪的发现?

更新:2020-08-24 21:10:08  |  来源:转载  |  阅读:0
标签:考古发现奇怪

10大奇怪的考古发现,简要介绍如下:

1.特洛伊城

特洛伊是世界上著名的历史、传说城市,位于安纳托利亚的西北部。1865年,英国考古学家弗兰克·卡尔弗特(Frank Calvert)在他从“Hisarlik”的农场买来的一块地里挖了一条沟渠。1868年,德国商人兼考古学家海因里希·谢里曼(Heinrich Schliemann)在卡尔弗特偶然找到了他,并开始在同一个地方挖掘,他们发现了普里阿姆的宝藏:地窖里藏着黄金和其他一些物品,比如他妻子曾经戴过的珠宝和阿伽门农的黄金面具,还有他们的骷髅和大量的帝王的黄金。

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2. The Easter Island

“Easter Island” is one of the most isolated places in the world located thousands of miles from the Chilean coast in the South Pacific. The most confusing thing about this island is that people can live in this place and build huge heads of stone around the island.
There are statues only partially carved out of the slopes of this volcanic crater, and others fully complete ready for transport to their final destinations. All but 53 of the 887 Moai statues were carved from this material (compressed volcanic ash).

3. Acomparo fingers
Although the scientific community agreed that these figures were part of an elaborate hoax, they caused great fanfare when they were announced. Hundreds of these human-like figures and dinosaurs were found in Mexico, which made some people think that the ancient people were better archaeologists than they thought.

2. 复活节岛
复活节岛是世界上最偏僻的地方之一,距离南太平洋智利海岸数千英里。关于这个岛最令人困惑的事情是,人们居然可以在这里生活,并在岛周围建造巨大的石质头像。

在这个火山坑的斜坡上,只有部分的雕像是被当地的火山岩雕刻出来的,其他的则完全是被运送到这里的。887座摩埃石像中只有53座是用这种材料(压缩的火山灰)雕刻而成的。

3. Acomparo手指

尽管科学界一致认为这些数据是一个精心设计的骗局的一部分,但当它们被宣布时,却引起了轩然大波。在墨西哥发现了数百个人型生物和恐龙,这使得一些人认为,这些古人比他们想象的更像考古学家。

4. The Antikythera
Antikythera is the first scientific astronomical instrument invented by the Greeks for astronomical calculation and was discovered 2000 years ago in a sunken ship on a Greek island called "Antikthera". With dozens of gears, this watch can only measure the position of the sun, moon, and other planets by entering simple data into it. Although there is controversy about its specific uses, it indicates that ancient civilizations have made impressive and impressive achievements in the field of mechanical engineering.

5. Groupy Man
Stuffed bodies were repeatedly found, but the strange thing about this corpse, nicknamed "Grubali Man", is its structure, which is still protected despite the passage of hundreds of years on it, to the extent that the dead body of the dead body and nails of her hands remained as it was embalmed. Through the information available on the body, it is easy to know the cause of the death of the owner, which may be the result of a deep wound around his neck extending to his ears. This man is likely to die, aiming to sacrifice himself to go to a better destiny.

4. 安提凯希拉
安提凯希拉是希腊人发明的第一台用于天文计算的科学天文仪器,2000年前在希腊一个叫安提凯希拉的岛上的一艘沉船中被发现。其拥有数十个齿轮,这块表一样的仪器能通过输入简单的数据来测量太阳、月亮和其他行星的位置。虽然它的具体用途存在争议,但它表明古代文明在机械工程领域取得了令人印象深刻的成就。

5.Groupy人
尸体被多次发现,但令人奇怪的是,尽管经过了几百年的时间,她的尸体和她的指甲仍然被保存下来,就像被防腐处理过一样,他被命名为“Grubali人”。根据有关尸体的资料,很容易知道主人的死因,死因可能是脖子上有一个很深的伤口,一直延伸到耳朵。这个人当时很可能就死了,目的是牺牲自己去获得更好的命运。

6. The Shouting Mummy
Unlike modern burial methods, the ancient Egyptians did not take into account the fact that if the neck of the corpse was not attached to the skull, the second one would fall and the corpse would appear to be screaming permanently. Although there are mummies in the same situation, this mummy is more fearful than others and scientists suggest that torture against the deceased will be used as part of the burial rites. The mummy in this photo is called "The Unknown Man E" and was found by Gaston Masparo in 1886.

7. Terra Cotta Army
Dozens of men surround this place, which is like a grave, but what is their story? This photo shows a strange archaeological discovery of the soldiers of the "Terra Cotta" who were buried with the first Emperor of China "Kun Shi Hyung" to protect the emperor after death.

6.尖叫的妈咪
与现代的埋葬方法不同,古埃及人没有考虑到这样一个事实:如果尸体的颈部没有与头骨相连,尸体就会看起来永远在尖叫。虽然也有木乃伊处于同样的情况,但这具木乃伊比其他的更可怕,科学家认为,对死者的折磨有被用作葬礼仪式的一部分。该木乃伊叫“未知的人E”,是1886年由Gaston Masparo发现的。

7.兵马俑
数十个人围着这座像坟墓一样的地方,他们的故事是什么?这展示了一个奇怪的考古发现,“兵马俑”士兵与中国第一个皇帝“秦始皇”埋葬在一起,以保护死后的皇帝。

8. Moa obxt
In 1986, after deep excavations in Mount Owen Caves in New Zealand, this massive and frightening claw was found. And whoever looks at it will think that the creature with the claw has died recently because it is amazingly preserved. After excavation and inspection, the scientists made it clear that this claw belongs to a large Maw, unable to fly from prehistoric times, which has a group of dangerous claws.

9. Baghdad Battery
In 1930, a number of pottery was discovered near Baghdad in the village of Khojot Rabeh. No one had been interested in these jars for a long time until a German museum curator published a report explaining the use of these pottery as galvanic cells or batteries for the purposes of painting and electrolysis.

8.恐鸟(已灭绝生物)
1986年,在对新西兰的欧文山洞穴进行深入挖掘后,人们发现了巨大而可怕的爪子。无论谁看到它,都会认为这个长爪的生物是最近才死掉的,它保存得很好。经过挖掘和检查,科学家们明确指出,这只爪子属于一个巨大的恐鸟,从史前时代开始就无法飞行,有一对危险的爪子。

9.巴格达电池
1930年,在巴格达附近的Khojot Rabeh村发现了一些陶器。在很长一段时间里,没有人对这些罐子感兴趣,直到一位德国博物馆馆长发表了一篇报告,这些陶器用绘画来解释了电池的原理。

10. The Aztec Sacrifice
The ancient Aztec Empire that inhabited the valley of Mexico hosted many bloody festivals festivals, offering sacrifices as an offering to please the gods. In 2004, another horrific type of ritual killing and torture of human beings and animals was discovered on the nights of festivals, which included bloodshed for the victims. Types of torture include the cutting of their heads and the representation of their bodies. And this night of terror continues until the next day''s sun rises, which means that the gods are satisfied with human blood.

10. 阿兹特克的祭祀
居住在墨西哥山谷的古阿兹特克帝国举办了许多血腥节日,提供祭品以取悦神。2004年,在节日的夜晚,人们发现了另一种对人和动物的可怕的杀戮和折磨,其中包括让受害者流血。酷刑的种类包括砍掉他们的头和用他们的身体来做祭礼。这恐怖的夜晚将持续到第二天的太阳升起,届时神才会对人类的血感到满意。

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