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【中英双语】世界各地的人们什么时候结婚?

更新:2017-11-27 21:41:42  |  来源:转载  |  阅读:0
标签:人们时候

At What Age Do People Get Married Around the World?

世界各地的人们什么时候结婚?

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Map by Priceonomics; data from the United Nations World Marriage Data 2015

该示意图由Priceonomics提供;数据源自于2015年联合国世界婚姻数据库

Every year, parents have more and more reason toask their children when they plan to get married.

每年,父母都有越来越多的理由,询问孩子打算什么时候结婚。

This is the case around the world, becausemarrying later than the previous generation is a global trend. People aregetting married later—or not at all. 

这一现象全世界都有,因为年轻人比上一代结婚晚已成为一种全球趋势。人们结婚越来越晚,有的人甚至不结婚。

Yet this similarity co-exists with differentmarriage practices that can make people’s lives vary tremendously from countryto country. In particular, which country you live in can impact how long youspend living single by as much as a decade.

不同国家由于婚姻习俗不同,人们的生活差异也会很大,但他们都存在晚婚这一类似现象。你所居住的国家会影响你单身的时间长度,最长甚至可达十年。

You can see this discrepancy in the above map,which illustrates the average age at which people get married by country. Itdraws on data collected by the United Nations. 

可以从以上示意图中看出不同国家的人步入婚姻的平均年龄有何不同。该示意图是根据联合国收集的数据绘制出来的。

The contrast that immediately stands out is theconnection between a country’s income and when its citizens marry. On average,people in wealthy, Nordic countries like Finlandand Swedendo not marry until they are in their thirties. But in the Central African Republic, theaverage person marries before turning twenty—the lowest average in this dataset.  

国家收入与居民结婚年龄之间的差异关系十分明显。像芬兰、瑞士这些富有的北欧国家的人,一般在三十多岁才结婚。但在中非共和国,人均结婚年龄小于二十岁----在数据集中平均年龄处于最低位置。

The relationship between income levels andmarriage, however, is not destiny: Although the United States is much richerthan Chile, the average age at marriage in each country is around 28. 

然而,收入水平与结婚年龄之间的关系并是注定的。尽管美国要比智力富裕得多,但这两国的平均结婚年龄同样都在二十八岁左右。

There are some limitations to this data. Sincecountries do not conduct surveys and censuses every year, this data does notrepresent the same time frame for every country. We only included countrieswhose latest data comes from 2009 to 2014, which is why much of central Africa has no data. The official metric calculatedby these surveys, “Mean Singulate Age at Marriage”, also ignores people whonever get married.  

该数据有局限性。因为许多国家并不是每年都会进行人口调查及普查工作,所以这些数据不能及时更新,也就不能准确反映出各国家当前居民婚姻状况。我们仅收集了从2009年到2014年间的国家最新数据,这也是为什么在很大程度上,缺少中非国家数据的原因。“平均初婚年龄”这项调查所计算出的官方度量标准,也忽视了那些从未结婚的人。

Yet the data still captures the fact that peopleenter marriage—a central institution for most of us—at different periods intheir lives.

然而,这些数据仍然反映出,人们在不同的人生阶段步入婚姻——我们大多数人都以此为生活中心。

To make the above table and map, we averaged theage at which men and women get married in each country. But this hides animportant dynamic: that men marry later than women. In this data set—which doesnot include a number of poorer countries—men in each country marry 3.7 yearslater than women. 

为制作以上图表和示意图,我们算出来每个国家男性和女性的平均结婚年龄。但这隐含着极为重要的动向:男性结婚晚于女性。该数据集——不包含许多贫穷的国家,反映出各国男性结婚比女性结婚要晚3.7年。

This gender gap exists in every country. It islarger in poorer countries like Egypt,where women marry 5 years earlier than men. In richer countries like France,the gap is only 1.6 years. 

每个国家结婚年龄在性别上都存在这样的差异。像在埃及这些稍微穷点的国家,结婚年龄在性别上的差异更大,其女性比男性结婚要早五年之久。像在法国这些富裕点的国家,结婚年龄在性别上的差异仅1.6年。

This suggests that the gender gap may narrow ascountries develop. This has occurred—as the below chart shows—but onlygradually over the decades.

这预示着随着国家的发展,结婚年龄的性别差异可能会减小。但要数十年后,这种差距才会逐渐减小。

It remains common for women to marry very youngin some countries. According to U.N. reports, 39 countries have data showingthat 20% of women married by age 18. In twenty countries, a full 10% of womenmarried by age 15. In only 2 countries, however, are 10% of men married beforethe age of 18. 

在一些国家,女性结婚很早仍然非常普遍。据联合国(U.N.)报道,有三十九个国家的数据显示,其20%的妇女结婚年龄为十八岁。有二十个国家,结婚年龄在十五岁的女性足足占10%。然而,有且仅有两个国家,在十八岁之前结婚的男性占到了10%。

Still, men and women are getting married laterin every region of the world. The average age of marriage for women increasedfrom 21.8 to 24.7 years from the seventies to the mid 2000s, with the averageage for men rising a comparable amount. 

不变的是,世界所有地区的男性和女性都越来越晚结婚。从20世纪70年代到21世纪中叶,妇女平均结婚年龄由21.8岁上涨到24.7岁,男性平均结婚年龄推迟速度可以与之相媲美。

This has resulted in some fairly dramatic statshere in the United States.Today, less than half of American adults are married—down from 72% in 1960—andalmost as many babies are born out of wedlock as to married couples. 

据一些相当引人注目的统计数据表明,美国情况与此相同。现今,美国已婚人员数量,从1960年的72%,降至已达结婚年龄总人数的一半甚至更少,而且,由未婚父母们生育的婴儿数,与已婚父母们生育的婴儿数几乎相等。

Nevertheless, around the world, the majority ofpeople still get married, even if they get married later. In all but a dozen orso countries, 80% of men and women have been married by age 49, and even morepeople commit to similar relationships. 

不过,就全世界范围而言,大多数人都还是结婚了,只是有些人结婚稍晚。在这十几个国家中,有80%的男性和女性,到49岁时都已经结婚了,甚至有更多的人已经步入了类似婚姻的状态中。

Despite different and changing practices aroundthe world, shacking up is still the norm.

尽管世界各国不同的婚姻习俗,尽管这些习俗在不断变化,但同居关系仍是普遍现象。



国外网民评论翻译

MissCellania • 3 years ago
The metadata is far from clear about whether these stats come from first marriages only or current marriages, which would pull the ages upward. I was a widow who remarried at age 50. Depending on how the data was collected, my age at first marriage might or might not have been included. Either way, remarriages would skew the "age of marriage" higher all around.3  

这些后设资料远远未能表明出,这些统计究竟是只来自于初婚数据还是当前已婚人口数据,当前已婚人口数据会导致结婚年龄偏高。我以前是个寡妇,50岁才结婚。依据这样收集的数据,我的初婚年龄也许被统计进来了,也许没有。不论与否,再婚年龄会全面影响结婚年龄的统计,使其偏高。



Alex Mayyasi Mod  MissCellania • 3 years ago
Hey there. The data comes from a variety of sources but uses a standard metric whose name rolls right off the tongue: "singulate mean age at marriage." It looks at survey data about the first time ppl are ever married. You can read in more detail by following the link to the UN page.2  

嗨,这些数据来源于大量的资源信息,但都经过恰如其名的度量标准——“平均初婚年龄”的帅选。调查数据主要是针对人们的初婚年龄。联合国(UN)第二页的链接有更多的详细信息,你可以去读一读。



MissCellania  Alex Mayyasi • 3 years ago
Thanks -I did go to the UN page, but did not know what "singulate mean age at marriage" meant.1  

谢谢。我确实看了联合国(UN)网页,但还是不明白什么是“平均初婚年龄”。



kelly2124@mail.com  MissCellania • a day ago
I basically get paid about 6,000-8,000 dollars /month with an online job. Everyone prepared to complete simple computer-based work for 2-5 hrs daily at your home and make valuable income while doing it... Try this *********

我基本上每个月都能通过网上工作挣到6,000到8,000 美元。每天只用花两到五个小时,所有人都可以通过电脑来完成这项简单的工作,在家里就能获得可观的收入……试试这个网站吧*********



eastcoast_beachguy • 3 years ago
I don't think I am ever getting married. I mean, maybe.

我认为我永远不会结婚。我是说,可能。



allenhanks1966 • 22 days ago
Alex, I don't think you know what "shacking up" means. 

Alex,我想你不懂什么是“同居”。



H'14 • a month ago
Seeing an inconsistency in the data shown above... you say that "The average age of marriage for women increased from 21.8 to 24.7 years from the seventies to the mid 2000s." However, the graph shown with the title "Average Age at Marriage: Men Women" shows that the age for women actually increased from ~23 in 1970 to ~29 in 2005? 

可以看出,以上数据反映结果不一致……你说“从20世纪70年代到21世纪中叶,妇女平均结婚年龄由21.8岁上涨到24.7岁”。可是,那张名为“平均结婚年龄:男性 vs.女性”的图表却显示,女性结婚年龄实际上是从1970年的23岁上涨到2005年的29岁。



Jacques Bouchard • 3 years ago
I feel like the color-scheme theme of this makes it very difficult to understand any local-based data within a 2-3 year radius. Liike, what is the average for New England, USA? 28? Who can tell?

我感觉通过这种多色调设计的主题方案,很难理解任何两到三年半径范围内的当地数据。比如说,美国新英格兰地区的平均结婚年龄是多少?28岁吗?谁分得清楚?

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